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J. Krishnamurti osho

यु. जी. कृष्णमूर्ती : एक वेडा संत

विसाव्या शतकात भारतात खरंतर नको तितके संत होऊन गेले. रमणा महर्षी, ओशो, जिद्दू कृष्णमूर्ती, मेहेर बाबा, निसर्गदत्त महाराज.. यादी करायची म्हंटली तर फार मोठी होईल. एखाद्या व्यक्तीचं संतात रूपांतर होणं म्हणजे दुर्लभ घटना. असं असताना देखील विसाव्या शतकात संतांची श्रीमंती होती. या सर्व यादीमध्ये एक महत्वाचं नाव वगळयल्या जातं. ते नाव म्हणजे यु. जी. कृष्णमूर्ती.

आमच्या पिढीला ओशो चांगलेच माहिती आहेत; स्वतःच मार्केटिंग अँड पॅकेजिंग कसं करायचं हे ओशोंना चांगलच ठाऊक होतं. सेक्स गुरु, ९३ रोल्स रॉयस गाड्या, अमेरिकेतील ओरेगॉन येथील गमती-जमती अशा अनेक बाबींमुळे ओशो खरंतर मृत्यूनंतर बरेच ‘पॉप्युलर’ झाले. नेटफ्लिक्स वरील ‘वाईल्ड वाईल्ड कंट्री’ या वेब सिरीज मुळे अध्यात्माच्या पलीकडील वर्तुळाला देखील त्यांची ओळख झाली. जिद्दू कृष्णमूर्तींची प्रसिद्धी होण्यास देखील अनेक कारणं होती. त्यांचा थिऑसॉफिकल सोसायटी बरोबरचा सुरुवातीचा प्रवास त्यांना लहानपणीच जगभर प्रसिद्ध करून गेला. धनाढ्य उद्योगपती, राजकीय व्यक्ती, सामाजिक कार्यकर्ते हे जेके अत्यंत तरुण असतानाच त्यांच्या जवळच्या वर्तुळांत होते. जेके ऐकून, वाचून, त्यांच्या सहवासात राहून काहीतरी हाती लागणार, आपले रूपांतर होणार या आशेने ४०-५० वर्षे लोकं जेकेंच्या व्याख्यानांना जायचे. कृष्णमूर्तींचं शिक्षण क्षेत्रांतील लिखाण, शाळांची स्थापना इत्यादी गोष्टींमुळे आमच्या पिढीतल्यांना देखील त्यांची किमान तोंड ओळख आहे. या तुलनेत निसर्गदत्त महाराज सुरुवातीच्या काळात प्रसिद्धीपासून लांब होते. मॉरिस फ्रीडमन यांनी लिहिलेल्या ‘आय एम दॅट’ या पुस्तकामुळे मोठ्या स्तरावर लोकांना निसर्गदत्त महाराजांची ओळख झाली. थोडक्यात, अनेक कारणांमुळे ओशो, कृष्णमूर्ती, निसर्गदत्त महाराज इत्यादी संत मोठ्या जनसमुदायापर्यंत पोहोचले.

यु. जी. कृष्णमूर्ती अनेक कारणांमुळे फार थोड्या लोकांना परिचित झाले आणि मृत्यूनंतर देखील त्यांचे विचार आणि पुस्तके कमी लोकांना माहिती आहेत. यु. जी. कमी प्रसिद्ध असण्याचं एक कारण म्हणजे त्यांचा स्वभाव देखील. यु. जी. वाचत असताना सतत एक प्रामाणिक ‘वेडेपणा’ जाणवत असतो. सर्वच संत खरंतर सांगतात की खरं सत्व हे त्या संतांच्या सहवासात असतं; पुस्तकं आणि संस्था या मृत आहेत. असे असून देखील ओशोंनी पुस्तके, मेडिटेशन्स विकल्या आणि त्यातून संस्था उभारल्या. कृष्णमूर्तींनी देखील संस्था निर्मिल्यात. मी काय चांगले, काय वाईट, काय चूक, काय बरोबर यात नाही शिरत आहे. कोणी काय केलं त्याचा हा आढावा आहे. ‘ट्रुथ इज अ पाथलेस लँड’ असे म्हणून कृष्णमूर्तींनी अनेक व्याख्यानं दिलीत जी नंतर पुस्तकरूपाने प्रकाशित झाली. यु. जी. इथे सर्व संतांपेक्षा थोडे वेगळे ठरतात. त्यांनी कोणतीच संस्था, आश्रम, मठ स्थापन केला नाही. त्यांची शिकवण देखील अशी होती की त्या आधारे काही ‘विकणे’ केवळ अशक्य आहे. त्यांनी त्यांच्या मित्रांशी केलेले सर्व संवाद देखील सदैव विनामूल्य राहतील याची तडजोड त्यांनी करून ठेवली. आयुष्यभर एका सुटकेस मध्ये सामान घेऊन ते फिरतीवर होते.

यु.जी. सर्व प्रकारच्या मेडिटेशन्स, योग, साधना यांच्या विरुद्ध होते. ते करून तुम्ही तुमच्या ध्येयापासून लांब जाता अशी त्यांची धारणा होती. त्यांच्या अष्टावक्र महागीतेतील प्रवचनात ओशो अष्टावक्र मुनींनी जनक राजाला दिलेला खूपच मूल्यवान उपदेश अधोरेखित करतात – तुझं साधनेचं अधिष्ठान तुझं सर्वात मोठं बंधन आहे. जे आहे, त्याचा स्वीकार करून या क्षणी सुखी हो! परंतु, हा संदेश केवळ जनक राजाच्या ‘लेव्हल’ ला उपलब्ध झालेल्यांनाच लागू होतो हे देखील नमूद करतात. यु. जी.कृष्णमूर्ती मात्र ‘तुमच्या करण्याने काहीच होणार नाही’ या त्यांच्या जागी अढळपणे टिकून राहतात.

यु.जी. दीर्घायुषी होते. जिवंत असेपर्यंत तरतरीत होते आणि स्वतःची सर्व कामं स्वतः करायचे. एकदा एका पत्रकाराने त्यांना ‘सेहत का राज’ विचारताच त्यांनी उत्तर दिलं – मी व्यायाम करत नाही, व्हिटॅमिन्स खात नाही आणि सकस अन्न देखील खात नाही!

अनेकांना यु.जी. म्हणजे स्वतःच स्वतःला ‘एनलाइटन्ड’ म्हणवून घेणारा कोणीतरी विक्षिप्त माणूस वाटतो. अनेकांना त्यांचे विचार ‘निहिलिजम’ कडे झुकणारे वाटतात. अनेकांना यु.जी. म्हणजे ठार वेडा माणूस वाटतो. त्यांची भाषा सर्वार्थाने ‘रफ’ होती. त्यांचे आणि जिद्दू कृष्णमूर्तींचे अनेक वर्ष संबंध होते. यु. जी. कृष्णमूर्तींना आणि त्यांना उपलब्ध झालेल्या सत्याला मानायचे परंतु जेकेंच्या ज्या बाबी त्यांना खटकायच्या, त्यांचा ते अत्यंत शेलक्या शब्दांत उद्धार करायचे. अनेकवेळा त्यांना भेटायला, प्रश्न विचारायला आलेल्या लोकांना ते पिटाळून लावायचे. अनेक लोकं सत्य जाणून घेण्यासाठी यु.जी. कडे गेले आणि आठवडाभर त्यांच्या खमंग आणि विनोदी गप्पा ऐकून हात हलवत परत आले.

यु.जी. कृष्णमूर्तीची बरीच पुस्तके मी अभियांत्रिकी महाविद्यालयात असताना घेतली होती; परंतु फार काळ मी ती वाचू नाही शकलो. खरंतर त्यावेळी जिद्दू कृष्णमूर्ती वाचणे देखील अवघड जायचे. त्यामुळे ओशोच वाचले गेले. त्यानंतर जिद्दू कृष्णमूर्ती आणि मग गेले काही महिने यु.जी. कृष्णमूर्ती. यावेळी यु.जी. वाचतांना बऱ्याच गोष्टींचा उलगडा झाला. त्यांच्या विक्षिप्तपणाच्या आवरणाला छेद देऊन थोडं आत देखील जाता आलं.

सर्व संत आपल्याला सांगतात की शरीर क्षुल्लक आहे आणि मन, आत्मा, माईंड म्हणजे आपली कर्मभूमी. सत्याला उपलब्ध व्हायचंय? तुमच्या मनावर, डोक्यावर, हृदयावर, आत्म्यावर काम करा. यु. जी. म्हणतात हा शुद्ध बकवास आहे. आपल्या शरीरात असामान्य ज्ञान ‘कोडेड’ आहे; आपल्या जीन्समध्ये, आपल्या मेंदूतील अज्ञात भागात इत्यादी. आपल्या मनावर झालेले संस्कार, म्हणजेच आपल्या मेंदूतील धोपट ‘न्यूरल’ मार्ग आपल्या शरीराला, त्याच्या असामान्य ज्ञानाला आणि हुशारीला व्यक्तच होऊ देत नाहीत. यु.जी. म्हणतात ज्या क्षणी तुमचं ‘माईंड’ मालक न राहता सेवक म्हणून काम करू लागतं, त्या क्षणी तुमचं शरीर त्याच्या पूर्ण क्षमतेकडे झेप घेतं. कुंडलिनी शक्ती जागृत होते इत्यादी संकल्पनांच्या बरंच जवळ जाणारं त्यांचं म्हणणं आहे. गमतीचा भाग असा आहे की यु.जी. च्या म्हणण्यानुसार, हे परिवर्तन तुमच्या काही करण्याने नाही होणार आहे. ते होणं किंवा न होणं हा एक ‘ऍक्सीडेन्ट’ किंवा जनुकीय योगायोग आहे.

अनेकांना यु.जी. म्हणतात ते पटणार नाही. हा विचार जर कबूल केला, तर साधना, अभ्यास, जप, तप, योग या सर्व कृती निरर्थक आणि वेडेपणाच्या ठरतात. पण, खरंतर सर्व संतांनी देखील हेच सांगितलं आहे ना?

कबीर म्हणतात –

अंजन उतपति, ॐ कार, अंजन मांगे सब विस्तार,
अंजन ब्रह्मा, शंकर, इंद, अंजन गोपी संगे गोविंद रे ॥१॥
अंजन वाणी, अंजन वेद, अंजन किया नाना भेद,
अंजन विद्या, पाठ-पुराण, अंजन घोकतकत हि ग्यान रे ॥२॥
अंजन पाती, अंजन देव, अंजन ही करे, अंजन सेव,
अंजन नाचै, अंजन गावै, अंजन भेसी-अनंत दिखावै रे ॥३॥
अंजन कहां-कहां लग केता ? दान-पुनि-तप-तीरथ जेथा !
कहे कबीर कोई बिरला जागे, अंजन छांडी अनंत इज़ारा रे ! ॥४॥

ओशो, कृष्णमूर्ती, कबीर, व अन्य संतांनी खरंतर हेच सांगितलं आहे परंतु, कुठेतरी या संतांनी सामान्य जनांच्या पातळीवर यायचा प्रयत्न केला होता. जप करा, डायनॅमिक मेडिटेशन करा, इत्यादी इत्यादी उपदेश दिले आणि यातच त्यांचे भक्त गुरफटले. यु.जी.मात्र याबाबत फारच स्पष्ट होते. तुमच्या साधनाच तुम्हाला बांधून ठेवता असं म्हणून यु.जी. त्यांना सरळ कचऱ्याच्या डब्यात टाकून देतात.

करायची, मिळवायची, साधायची इच्छा असल्यास यु. जी. वाचू नये. फ्रस्ट्रेशन येईल. करून काही होत नाही ही जाणीव होऊ लागली असेल तर सर्व सोडून यु. जी. कृष्णमूर्ती वाचा.

Categories
J. Krishnamurti Kabir

Kabir, J. Krishnamurti and Nisargadatta Maharaj : One Truth, Three Manifestations

One of the legendary vocalists of India, Pt. Kumar Gandharva would often say something about Ragas in Indian Classical Music which holds equally true for the absolute truth. As he would say, if you just know trunk of an elephant, you have not known the elephant fully. Knowing elephant fully means being able to recognise it from any angle and perspective. Kumar Ji would often present well known Ragas in perspectives unimaginable to not only listeners but also fellow musicians.

As he would often say, if you just identify an elephant with one of its organs, you are far away from knowing what an elephant is. Once you know what a Raga has to tell, you can go beyond the conventional ‘bookish’ definition of that Raga and unshackle it from the rules. The new perspective might not be as per the definition of that Raga but it will still say what the Raga essentially has to say.

Of course, an artist can take this kind of liberty only after complete understanding of the Raga.

Same holds true for truth and its expression. Roses in a bunch are bound to have different size and shape. The fragrance is essentially the same. When we look at works of different saint or masters, their statements or expression differ but they essentially carry the fragrance of the same truth.

I have been reading Kabir as a little boy and was introduced to Jiddu Krishnamurti during my engineering. Nisargadatta Maharaj, another realised being came into my life much later, in 2016.

Kabir was a 15th century saint who had training in Advaita as well as Nath Panth. Jiddu Krishnamurti was raised under the Theosophical teachings but unlearned and emerged anew. Whereas Nisargadatta Maharaj was a common man with uncommon intelligence who as he would say, sincerely followed what his Guru told him to do.

If we go through teachings of these three saints, we realise that in spite of their different backgrounds and different ways of expression, they were essentially sharing the same fragrance.

For instance, look at these three statements by these three masters :

A Doha (couplet) of Kabir :

कबीर खड़ा बज़ार में लिए लुकाठी हाथ |
जो जारे घर अपना चलो हमारे साथ ||

(Kabir stands in the market with a burning stick in his hand. The one who can burn his house, can join me on my way)

Here is a quote from Jiddu Krishnamurti :

Have you not noticed that love is silence? It may be while holding the hand of another, or looking lovingly at a child, or taking in the beauty of an evening. Love has no past or future, and so it is with this extraordinary state of silence.

Here is a statement by Nisargadatta Maharaj :

You may die a hundred deaths without a break in the mental turmoil. Or, you may keep your body and die only in the mind. The death of the mind is the birth of wisdom.

If we relook at the Doha of Kabir above, he says only the one who burns his house can join Kabir on his path (the path of truth). By burning house, Kabir is talking about burning our accumulations; not the physical ones but the accumulations in our mind. Our mind is a storehouse of memories, fears, hopes, and what not. Our first step on the path of truth is burning this junk in our mind; Kabir calls it burning one’s house.

If we read the quote by Jiddu Krishnamurti again, he talks about silence. What is the silence he is talking about? This silence is what follows when one realises that ‘I’ is a fabricated entity. He says love has no past and future. Past and future are products of mind; in present, there is no mind.

Nisargadatta Maharaj says it even more crisply – The death of the mind is the birth of the wisdom. Death of body does not necessarily mean death of mind and death of mind happens without death of the body.

In short, these three masters, in their own words are communicating the same fragrance – our falsely created sense of ‘I’ hinders the direct realisation of the truth. We often debate whether tail of the elephant is really the elephant or the legs! Once we focus ourselves on ‘elephant’, trunk as well as legs are parts of the same elephant. In same way, once we realise that the truth that all masters pointed out is one, the expression no more matters or bothers!

Categories
J. Krishnamurti

Want to be a Good Listener? Follow These Simple Steps

“So, you mean we need to be taught how to listen?”

This might be the first reaction of readers reading the title of this post. A few days ago, I fortunately realized the sad truth that we need to be taught the art of listening. What lead me to this realization?
I am reading a book written by mystic J. Krishnamurthi titled ‘Awakening of Intelligence’. The book is a collection of talks, interviews, discussions of J. Krishnamurthi, the mystic who honestly tried to wake us up from our fears and conditioning. In the many of his talks and discussions, J. Krishnamurthi often hits this question-

‘Do we listen with total attention?’ When I sincerely asked this question to myself, my answer was simply ‘no’.
The sad truth is, we never listen with the pure intent of ‘listening’ to someone. Our listening is always corrupted by many other motives and intentions. How does a typical person listen? What actually happens when we are listening to someone? Five minutes of contemplation will reveal the ‘corrupt’ nature of our listening. Whatever we listen to, is first scrutinized by our mind, then distorted and then it reaches us. When we listen to a person, there are many filters which distort the message. For example, when we listen to someone, the content of what he says gets influenced by the image of that person which we already have in our minds. Many times, we react differently to same message depending on the person who delivers it. This indicates that the medium, i.e. the person affects the content of the message.
Apart from this, when we are listening to someone, we are always judging and calculating. Many times, we listen to just respond. Many times, we listen to prepare a counter argument.
As J. Krishnamurthi says, we hardly listen just for the purpose of listening.

Advantages of total listening

Why should one be determined to listen totally? What will one loose if one listens partially? The biggest and gravest disadvantage is, loss of information. When you listen to any message through your own calculating and judging mind, which is just a product of your past, each new message is getting coloured with your past. As a result, whatever new and unknown (to you) information the message has, it will either be distorted or neglected.

We listen to someone for many purposes- getting new ideas, get inspired, bring a change in ourselves etc. But, if we listen partially, through our mind, it distorts the message as per its conditioning and hence kills all the potential of the message to bring about a change. For years, enlightened beings and spiritual masters are preaching. But hardly anyone is transformed. Why? Because each one of his distorts the message as per his mind and his convenience, eliminating its ability to bring about a change.
Even in corporate life, after spending some time, one realizes that very few persons are good listeners. Good listening helps you everywhere- let it be education, job, spirituality etc. One thing to always keep in mind is the fact that great leaders are always good listeners. The one who listens totally, understands totally and hence, can provide a total solution.

The Solution?

1. When you are listening to someone, just listen. Do not let anything come in between you and the person you are listening to.
2. When you meet a person, don’t try to judge him, put him in a compartment. Do not allow the image of the person to influence your opinion about what he is saying

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3. The best option is, stop making opinions about people, what they say, how they look and their past behavior.

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J. Krishnamurti

J. Krishnamurti : the most perfect

There is a beautiful story about Buddha. It is said that when Buddha attained enlightenment, he reached the gate of heaven. When guards at heaven opened the doors to welcome Buddha, it was found that Buddha was standing there with his back pointing to the entrance of heaven looking at the earth. The door keepers were surprised. People die to enter heaven. And here was a madman, who deserved heaven and still was standing with his back pointing to the heaven. The guards asked Buddha why he was not entering into the heaven. Buddha said, “I cannot come unless all my fellows on earth do not come here. I will enter only when all of my fellows enter the heaven. I will be the last person entering heaven.”

I think, J. krishnamurti is one of those very few masters who care so deeply for humanity. J. Krishnamurti is the pick of sincerity. It is often said that J. krishnamurti writes very complex. It is always told that you will end up having frustration if you go on reading him. These are all immature comments. J. Krishnamurti when talks to laymen, he talks very simply. I would say as simply as Osho. His descriptions of nature and human behavior have intrinsic beauty and rhythm which any poet will strive to attain.

The most important and striking point about J. Krishnamurti is he thinks at the same time for individual and also for the whole life on earth. Most of the mystics always point out that one should always think for oneself first and then for the society. It is true. When you see light yourself only then you can lead others towards light. So, almost all the mystics try an individual to cut away from the society and look for himself. Many of them advice to go in seclusion and contemplate. J. Krishnamurti is among those very few mystics who approach this problem on both the levels- individual and social. Many persons used to visit him. Many of these had political interests and many of them were social reformers. J. Krishnamurti always used to say if you are doing  all this for the benefits of your self, your ego, you will end up in misery. He would even say that such social reforms will only give birth to more reforms and in continuity, will make the situation even worse.

J. Krishnamurti was easily accessible to all- from poor to rich, from young students to old fellows. He used to make the most honest effort to show individuals how they are again becoming victims of their fragmented minds. He was very patient with all of these people. Many a times, his questioners were poor villagers, illiterate, uneducated fellows. He never tried to just give them some difficult answer and cut them away. He would go with their pace. Many times, his questioners would say that they were not able to understand what he said. J. Krishnamurti would not leave them so. He used to go even slower, simplifying his language till the questioner understood.

J. Krishnamurti

One more point to note is, he used to talk to people of all backgrounds- from scientists like David Bohm to small kids of different schools and cities. While putting forward his point, he never hurt anyone, never hurt anyone’s feelings. Though his points were very true, genuine, showing fragmented nature of thought which everyone has, he never bluntly hurt anyone. He said it so truthfully and with so much affection that the questioner would understand that fact without hurting himself.

One more blame which people accuse J. Krishnamurti of is  that he was a dry man having lost all of his interests. I, along with other also thought on similar lines. But when I started reading J. Krishnamurti, I in moments came to know how false this blame is. J. Krishnamurti was a lover of all sorts of arts. He had a deep understanding of beauty. Descriptions of nature and humans written by him at Rajghat and other places are highest level of poetry. In these descriptions he made, one can easily see the totality of his being.

He used to go for a walk, would mix in common people, would chat with students and teachers, would sit observing rivers and nature. All this has a beauty which can be felt when you read J. Krishnamurti. All this shows his genuine concern, his sincere efforts, his sincere affection not only for humans but for everything that is really makes him most perfect for today’s times.

This is the time that more and more people, especially students turn to his writings, his dialogues, discussions and all. The life today is full of self centered activities which finally bring misery. I can see J. Krishnamurti standing very close to me holding cup of bliss for all in his hands.