Categories
Corporate Philosophy

The Downside of Apps and On-Demand Economy

I was in Hyderabad last week, sitting in my cab, insulated from the pollution all around me. The cab was air conditioned, had picked me up from a fancy apartment where we were staying and was supposed to drop me at the Salar Jung museum. Everything sounds great, except the fact that the Uber cab driver, who was driving me and my wife, would be spending ten more hours in his cab, driving through the insane traffic. Yet, he was happy, welcoming, and warm. He helped me to keep the luggage, and not to forget, suggested me couple of good places to dine at. I gave him a five star rating, enough to make him delighted. A five star rating ensures that he will get more rides, more money and sadly, more health problems.

As we were cutting through the traffic, ahead of me was a delivery boy, carrying a bag, roughly as big as he himself was. He was an integral (but easily disposable) part of the e-commerce community. I prayed for his back; which I knew will collapse in few more years and whatever money he earned, will probably go into fixing it.

 

The App economy works well; very well if you are the one who is using it and not getting used by it. It’s not only about the Apps, it is about our entire lifestyle. We had actually gone to Hyderabad to attend a friend’s wedding. The venue was grand, and the food spread wider than the imagination. It was a huge convention centre, able to handle a few thousand guests. As the wedding was about to get over, I went to the back side of the convention centre and found dozens of ladies, children and old persons sleeping on the grass; some of them were little kids of the waiters serving delicacies inside, some of them were the people who would be cleaning the venue when we all were done littering it.

I am wondering about the balance of opportunities generated versus the problems created by this kind of lifestyle of ours.

greybox

I am sure, there is a lot of employment generated because of the way we live and because of the Apps economy. But, I think it does more harm than the help. The people who we think are getting benefitted, i.e. the cab drivers, delivery boys, cleaners etc., sure, they are getting more income than what they otherwise would get. But, the cost which they will be paying back, looks much higher than what they are earning.

I happened to read a few detailed articles on internet about the consequences of this kind of work one the health of people who do it. For instance, delivery boys will find their backs dismantled (!) within a few years, the cab drivers will suffer from joints and nerves problems; just to mention a few.

Every time I go to the gate of my company to receive my Amazon or Flipkart shipment, the size of the bag makes me feel guilty. Whenever I sit in an Uber or Ola cab, I can make out that the driver will be in this box for the entire day and even till late night.

You can always make the argument- who is forcing them to join the work? They can stop being drivers, delivery boys or what so ever. Sadly, no one can afford to worry about the pain and suffering of the future at the cost of dying hungry today. It’s quite human to compromise on one’s health for more money.

The purpose of writing this article is not criticizing the companies that are being mentioned above or those which operate on a similar model and philosophy. The purpose is to remind ourselves that we are humans.

As human beings, we can live happily only if we care for other human beings. If consumers demand that proper care should be taken of the people working at the bottom of the system, it will be taken. If the consumers insist that they will make use of /buy from copmanies which take sufficient care of the people working for them, VCs will spend few million more dollars to ensure that it happens. As consumers, the onus is on us, to demand. Sadly, we are too busy calling cabs and ordering rolls on the go and do not pay a dime to other human beings and their basic welfare.

 

 

Categories
Corporate Philosophy

The idea of Impact

To define it is actually difficult to experience it is very easy and I say this from an experience.
While speaking about social organizations we come across the tough question of measuring their impact. When faced by this question we discuss quantitative and qualitative parameters which can evaluate the work of the organization.  We also think about sharing case studies and stories of the beneficiaries.

For a moment let us leave aside all that we know about impact,  it’s assessment and parameters.  Let’s first ask a better question- what is impact?  We all know that whatever we do has an impact,  but what does that really mean in the real life? In human life impact means a change. Change can be permanent or temporary but when humans come in picture this change is always permanent. Let me illustrate this with an example- the human habit of spitting on road is an impact of what habits human has acquired by observing. When someone creates an awareness about the harmful effects of spitting in public places the real impact would mean a change in behavior and not just awareness about the information  that spitting on roads is bad.

Increasing level of awareness, knowledge and creating advocates of rights is not an impact at all. I make this statement because I see that these things actually have no impact. The only utility of such exercises is the symbolic ‘inspirational’ value and that symbolical inspiration to change something can be better acquired from individual examples rather than a herd of ‘informed’ group of activists. When activism confines itself to awareness it is dead, without any life. And anything without life can never create an impact.

Thus impact means change for real. Change in actions. This is certainly difficult but not impossible.  We may may not be able to write a 100 page annual report about our social initiatives but we may be able to know how many lives have we changed for real, actually. The road is tough as it is the one which has been less traveled but you can be inspired from some of these shining stars like Baba Amte, Kiran Khalap, Satish Kamat or APJ Abdul Kalam or even you yourself who is trying to get better each day. We all definitely remember at least one school teacher who inspired us, who influenced us deeply. We all know the the name of one author who persuaded us to think. These people and their work with people is impactful. We all know the experience we have had with the change makers in our lives but we don’t know the details of actually what they did.

That is why I say that impact is difficult to define but easy to experience. We all have the chance to impact each other. Just go and do it, our hearts know the way.

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Corporate Philosophy Society Uncategorized

Center of Decentralization

We speak about decentralization and empowering multiple stake holders to enhance impact of any kind of work that we plan to do. We may be working in an office or in a village on a project. We keep saying that we need people to own processes, outcomes and impact. We also often find it difficult to let go of the control as we are not sure if everyone else will work with same efficiency, same intentions, same approach as we have. We are also often unsure of the pace at which the project will move forward and are skeptical if decentralization will help us be time bound and professional. Our political system also speaks highly about decentralization but fails to accept it truly because of the same reasons. We all know what really keeps us away from decentralization but we have hardly tried to understand what makes decentralization the key to sustainability.

Almost no roads...
Tough terrain does not stop Rajwadi from dreaming.

Being at Rajwadi has helped me identify the center of decentralization. Rajwadi, a small village in Ratnagiri district of the Maharashtra state functions on decentralization. You find that there is no one person in-charge of any work in the village. Many people take lead and anchor various projects but the village has many faces. Every decision is taken mutually after discussion. Every project is implemented after consensus and debate. You will be able to find many leaders and many followers. You will be able to find many thinking souls with opinions which are debated and discarded but always valued.
Examples like Rajwadi are not miracles which happen in split seconds; there is always a long list of mindful actions behind such system. What makes Rajwadi projects perfectly decentralized? How has Rajwadi been able to sustain such high decentralization in spite of all the challenges that they face? They also (like any other society) have people who are disinterested, who have lost hopes, who are complacent, who are complaining etc. What is special about Rajwadi and the people here?
Rajwadi actually functions on trust. No person, representative or leader has work timings, working days but rather has certain roles and responsibilities. Every month the village has a monthly meeting to discuss monthly activities and grievances. Every project group meets once a week to discuss their issues and solutions. No decision is taken by an individual but the community or the group owns the responsibility. Rajwadi is not perfect, we must remember. Nothing is perfect. But it is definite that this imperfection drives us (humans) towards excellence. They have a lot of challenges and tremendous group dynamics but yet they have not lost hope in people; in ‘their’ people. They trust each other and wish the best to each other. They all help each other when they struggle.

Rajwadi Vegetable selling Project
Rajwadi Community Vegetable Farming Project  supplies fresh and organic vegetables to the nearby town of Ratnagiri.

Rajwadi culture is different from what we find in traditional companies, factories, offices. Rjwadi culture is actually closer to what professionals’ term as ‘start-up’ culture. It is open, based on trust, morally accountable; with no hierarchy and limited monitoring. These uneducated rural individuals are more progressive than scholars in our cities. We still have the real hope in our villages! We need to be a lot more humble to learn from these humans who work in farms and sleep under trees. These people have taught me the core of decentralization; which no civics text book or political science professor could help me learn.
Decentralization means trusting and being able to trust is difficult but not impossible.

Small dam built by Rajwadi villagers.
Small dam built by Rajwadi villagers.
Categories
Current Issues

Are You Sensitive, In-sensitive or Partially Sensitive? Answering This Question Might Solve All the Problems That the Human Society Faces!

What it means to be ‘Partially Sensitive?’

As we are human beings, we are all supposed to be sensitive. May be to different extents, but without any doubt, we are all sensitive. There is a gross mistake in the way we look at sensitivity. Conventionally, a person is either considered to be sensitive or insensitive. What if I tell you that we all are partially sensitive?

Yesterday, I was in Mumbai to attend a concert along with my wife and a couple of friends. One of the friends is a vegan and advocates that everyone should be a vegan. He has a whole lot of scientific evidence and tons of data to prove how turning vegan is actually a good step towards cutting down the greenhouse gases. At the same time, he was also harping how cruel the people eating innocent animals are. I listened but whatever he said, did not touch me.

The same morning, I was enjoying my morning tea at this friend’s place when I came to know about the fateful event in Bangladesh where a few young students burned down the place where one of the most iconic musicians India has, Ustad Allauddin Khan lived. His rare pictures as well as the instruments on which the maestro used to practice were consumed by the fire. I was totally put off. The same friend of mine, was not touched even a bit by this event.

In the first incidence, I appear to be insensitive towards nature and the innocent animals while my friend appears to be sensitive. In the second incidence, I appear to be sensitive whereas my friend looks like a cold hearted being.

Are both of us sensitive or insensitive? The answer, according to me is, we both are partially sensitive. My friend is sensitive towards the earth, climate change and the eco system whereas I might be insensitive towards all these things, but I am quite sensitive towards music and musicians.

sensitive1

Seems as if the whole of humanity is partially sensitive. Each and every one of us is sensitive for certain things and every one of us is utter careless about things other than those.

Is this selective sensitivity of human beings cause of all the conflict that we see around us in the society?

Being sensitive solves many problems. Sensitivity significantly transforms the human relationship. Contradicting interests is probably the biggest cause of all human fights. Let it be the fight between communists and capitalists or the fight between the castes.

Sadly, we are all digging in the earth to reach the sky. Organisations, movements, agitations are hardly effective to solve the problems we see around in our societies. Yet, we keep on doing more of all this. In fact, we are doing it in a more sophisticated and explosive way using social media hoping that this would solve the problem quickly.

No. Without sensitivity, nothing happens. Anger multiplies the anger and hate multiplies the hate. It’s very simple calculation.

Being totally sensitive

Is it possible for one person to be totally sensitive? Is it within the human limits to be that way? Honestly, just like love, sensitivity is a human independent state. Just like love, sensitivity has no subject. Then what makes us partially sensitive? I we look at it carefully, our ego makes us sensitive towards the things that matter for us and totally blunt towards the things that do not matter or nourish our egos.

Total sensitivity comes from total loss of ego. Are we even trying to walk in this direction? Ahem, we know the answer.

Categories
Current Issues

Can We Bring Back Peace By Destroying The Concept of God?

Few days ago, I noticed a very reputed Marathi writer giving his opinion- peace cannot be achieved without destroying the devilish concept of ‘god’ which men have created. To make it simple, this highly acclaimed author claims that we will have to destroy the concept of god and then only we can attain peace.

If one looks at the violence which is taking place around in the name of religion and god, one might think that whatever this writer is saying, makes sense. Religions and gods have been cause of more deaths than anything else. I agree.

Now, the most important question- Will the violence stop if we somehow give a full stop to the concept of god?

I don’t think so. I agree with the author till the point he says that tremendous amount of violence goes on in the name of religion and god. That does not mean that destroying the concept of god and religions will bring us back the peace. No, peace is not that cheap.

violence

 

Why destroying gods and religions won’t bring back the peace? The simple answer is, if you destroy gods, people (rather we) will find something else to do violence under the name of. God or religion is just a reason or excuse to bring out the violence which is there inside us. Unless and until we get rid of the violence inside us, peace won’t come.

From where does the violence come?

Have you ever given it a thought? What makes us violent? Along with some other things, our insecurity makes us violent. We become violent when we feel insecure. It is not just a chance that the most violent person we have heard of, Adolf Hitler, was probably the most insecure person as well. Hitler was afraid of death.

If we remove gods and religions from our minds and our societies, we will hook our violence to something else. Nothing new, we know, how much violence has been done on the racial basis. The way we are moving ahead shows that there will be little violence around the religions and gods, and more around money, water, food or even Mars!

The problem of violence and peace will not be solved unless we do something about the insecurity which we have within.

Another question to ask- Why are we so much insecure?

The simple answer is, because of our ego. The stronger the ego on the surface, more insecure the person is within. We have been raised in a fashion which strengthens our ego. We have been taught in a fashion which makes us more competitive and hence, sows the seeds of insecurity within us.

The urge to possess more and more is also a cause of violence. This urge to possess also comes from our insecurity. Have you noticed? We are not satisfied with one house. We need a second or even a third home. We are not happy with one car; we need more than one. We are acquiring more and more things outwardly to fulfil our inner security. It is this attitude of us which leads to violence.

How is one going to solve this issue? As I said earlier, peace is not cheap, it comes with a great cost. The cost is our ego which is constantly looking for nourishment. Once the ego dissolves, peace arrives.

Categories
Society

Freedom and Sensitivity: Two Values That Make Our Existence Meaningful

After many days, I am successful at taking out some time to write. We need a whole lot of things to live our lives. We need followers, critics, praise, freedom, trust and many more things to live our life. What will happen if someone starts taking them out from your life one by one?

I am reminded of a question which a friend asked me couple of days ago. She asked, what are the essential things for me to live my life? In other words, what things in my life, if taken away, my life will be meaningless. So, she was essentially asking about the things which make my life meaningful.

When this question came, we were all going together, in my car and I was driving probably in the most crowded area of the city. It took me some time to separate myself away from driving and come up with the answer.

As you have rightly guessed, my answer was freedom and sensitivity.

Freedom and sensitivity are the two things which I think make my existence meaningful.

Freedom and sensitivity

The first part of the answer is quite easy to understand- freedom. Ife begins at freedom and yes, life ends if it is gone. We do not realise this importance of freedom because either we have it most of the times or we are not courageous enough to demand our freedom. Freedom is simply beautiful. It is risky, at times, but the risk is worth taking. When we have freedom, and if we use it properly, there is immense possibility to blossom. Freedom brings a tremendous potential to transform ourselves and others. Freedom gives life possibilities.

What about sensitivity? Why sensitivity is required in our lives? I think, sensitivity gives meaning to the freedom we have. Freedom without sensitivity results in chaos. Freedom and sensitivity together bring order.

I feel that the biggest challenge which we have today is missing order in our society. Everyone is concerned about the missing order in the society. Activists, thinkers, leaders and so many others say that they are working hard to bring order in the society; still, the order has not yet come. Order won’t come so easily. Order comes into existence when there is freedom moderated by the sensitivity.

In our lives, we are concerned very well about freedom, but hardly bother about bringing in that sensitivity in ourselves. This gives rise to one more question- How one becomes sensitive? What leads to that sensitivity?

My experience tells, observing oneself leads to sensitivity. When we observe ourselves, we have a look at everything that is inside us- our emotions, insecurity, anger, frustration and many other things. When one looks at all this turmoil inside and starts separating oneself from it, he starts developing a sensitivity which is not put up. It comes from the understanding which this action of watching brings about.

On a personal level, I think my freedom and my sensitivity make my existence meaningful. What are the two things that make your living meaningful?

Categories
Society

What Will India Look Like in 2061?

I came across an interesting book which compiles the views and thoughts of around 20 leaders from different fields about what India will look like in 2061. The people who have shared their thoughts are no ordinary people, but stalwarts from sectors as varied as education, retail, IT, communication, pharma etc.

This book proved to be an excellent read, but I sincerely felt, that views from a meditator, from a person who considers human beings to be much more than customers are missing. I am not at all an expert meditator or the one who understands world in and out, but I can certainly share a few insights on the topics.

What will India look like in 2061? To be honest, the answer which goes closest to the reality is, I don’t know. Considering the way world has been evolving over the past few years, literally no one can tell how will India exactly be in 2061, except a few random guesses based on present situation and some past trends; that’s exactly what I will be doing. I will keep my scope restricted to persons and their behavior.

1. People will work largely for satisfaction and money and less for loads of money

Money is new, for most of the Indians. India is still in the phase where job is looked upon as security, an indispensable means of living. Today’s young population is probably the first generation earning huge amounts of money. Certainly, the working class is enticed by the possibilities of making more and more money. As of today, young employees in India are happy to leave back happiness for money, what a contrast! But, as money becomes more and more common, people get used to and ultimately bored of luxuries and lavish life, a search for true happiness will start.

It is highly probable that having earned enough amount of bucks, and sufficiently fed-up of hectic work schedules, people will look at jobs just as a means of earning enough money and not loads of money. At present, Indian students are least bothered about the satisfaction and compensation is the sole parameter while selecting the job. This trend will drastically change and students will be more and more choosey about the right kind of job.

2.  People will learn to be self-dependant

Today, household labour plays a major part in Indian society. It won’t be an exaggeration if I say that many of the Indians turn helpless if their domestic help is away for a day or two. The society today has a clear stratification; educated people work in offices to earn loads of money, of which a small part they spend on the domestic help. In the process, the society has lost its ability to do work on their own.

As more people get educated, the cost of hiring someone for domestic help will certainly shoot up. This will teach Indian society to become more self-dependant, learning to manage their tasks on their own.

3.  40% graduates will have their own start-ups

Today, most of the talent prefers joining multinational organizations and working with them. As we have seen, most of these students are first among their families who are earning significant amounts of money. Imagine 2061, when kids of this generation will be graduating, with their parents already having earned loads of money. All the basic securities like cars and real estate will be already secured. This young generation would not be interested in continuing the same pattern which their parents followed. Considering the resources available at that time, these parents will themselves encourage their kids to go away from the normal boring path and create a world on their own. One more observation that justifies this is, the rise of fragmented markets. In 2061, the markets would be fragmented, with each market with a less number of people. Hence, a single big company will find it quite difficult to serve such markets with different tastes. This justifies the rise of local level small enterprises, meeting the demands of their small cluster of targeted customers.

4.  We will do many great things, but not without a purpose

A trend which is growing fast today is that of social causes. First popular in western countries, now on can easily find this trend in youth in India. The causes are noble, but those who work for them, have some purpose may be as trivial as attaching a certificate to their portfolio.

If one carefully observes, unfortunately, people are doing most of the things out of some purpose. I can imagine this trend picking up maximum momentum. I suspect, if this happens, whether we would be able to retain our ability of doing things without a purpose.

In 2061, I can imagine many noble things happening; people meditating, mastering art forms, helping out those who are left behind and all that. Everything of this will happen out of a cause and not out of pure human nature. There is nothing wrong with having a purpose, but it is worth noting that when we do something with a purpose, eventually the purpose becomes more important than the cause!

 

What do you think will be the face of India in 2061? Do share your comments!

 

 

 

Categories
Current Issues Society

Angry humans and a dead dog

Keeping your eyes open helps you a lot. When your eyes are open, you can find solutions everywhere around you. The world is flooded with the solutions. Only thing is, our eyes should be open to perceive them.

Angry humans who are found all around is a big problem which we encounter everywhere. This problem is typically faced by middle class people who are flooded with anger but have no medium to express it. They are most of the times unable to be angry just because of limitations; limitations are infinite- financial, social, and political. Then there is another class of people in India. These people do not deserve the money or power which they have. These people are always throwing their anger on the poor helpless people who belong to middle class. Many times, an otherwise calm and silent person blasts out like a volcano collapsing under the burden of suppressed anger.

In India, you find such angry humans everywhere. They are present almost everywhere- in offices, on streets, inside shops, in colleges. We are flooded with these angry humans. I remember infinite moments when my teachers, parents, colleagues and yes also I were unable to handle this burden of suppressed anger.

Today, I witnessed a heated argument which took place in between one of such angry humans and a typical middle class humble man. The venue for this event was a petrol pump and the reason was delay in filling the petrol. Middle class man tried to argue with the angry fellow, without success. The end of conversation was middle class man silently slipping into his car and driving away and the angry man fuming and shouting.

I went ahead with my schedule and was having a walk after some time on same evening. As a habit, I was thinking about the serious problem of angry humans. I know, there is no other solution than being more meditative and aware and skeptical of self behavior. I also know, very few of us will give this problem due attention, unless they are victim of some serious disease or mental disorder. I was questioning, do we have a right to be talked with respect and dignity by others? Can anyone claim a right of being rude and disrespectful to someone over small or big issues? While going through all this brainstorming over the angry humans, I had walked quite a long and my steps were stopped by half rotten body of a dead dog. Eyes were squeezed and skull distorted. The dog might be a victim of middle class person who was in a hurry to rush to his office to avoid the anger of his boss. All was pulled out of my thoughts.

We are living in a human world where we talk about our dignity and respect, and see; thousands are dying under our cars. I am not talking only about dogs and cats but also about human beings. Here is a link from The Time Magazine which tells how hundreds of workers died like mice in a squeezed box.

Portraits of pain

The number of people dying because of lack of food, number of poor people who are being cheated, exploited is far more than our imagination.

We demand self respect and dignity. Do we spend some time to ensure that no one’s fundamental rights are getting hurt because of us?

For me, everything- the problem of angry humans and also the problem of maintaining self respect and dignity boils down to ego. We raise all the above issues when our ego gets hurt. If it is not, who bothers about an argument on a petrol pump and who has time for a poor dog squeezed under a car?

Categories
Society

Trapped in emotions

May it be rusty and old,

Or made up of shining gold,

Never be in a trap,

Be alone and bold.

We love freedom and on the other hand, we cannot afford to be free. Freedom gives you a vast sky to dance in. Freedom makes you responsible for your decisions. It is rare that someone gets freedom. It is even rarer that someone is happy with his freedom.

The human world of emotions is very delicate. It is full of warmth. It is full of love and care. But, humans while imposing their love, interfere in the freedom of the other person. The other person also, does not respect the individuality of the other person. Then, all our emotions become traps.

Emotions is the very identity of humans. Emotions give human what we call as humanity. Emotions give us urge to know things, emotions give us desire to go close to others, to understand others. Emotions are beautiful. But, we should really keep a watch on our emotions. A couple in my friends’ circle is fighting for four years. But they are not able to separate. They care for each other, they miss each other. But, when they are together, they fight. This is emotional trap. You cannot live alone and at the same time, you cannot live together also.

Today, we can find thousands of couples being trapped in these emotional trap. These emotional traps are deteriorated to such a low state because they are born out of insecurity, possession. We misunderstand them as love. But one thing to remember forever is that, love is never born out of insecurity. True love is never possessive.

The most saddening thing is that, in most of the cases, people know that they don’t love. People know that they are insecure and hence clinging to the relationship. Many a times, the fact is that people fear to live alone. So, they forcibly maintain the relationship even if they do not like the other person.

Today, it is need of time that all these dirty traps are broken and individuals are led free. In such a free society only one can discover his true love…..

Categories
philosophy Society

Justice- A brief look at the situation

When any nation or any society is built up, one of the basic pillars is the justice. In other words, justice is one of the reasons for which nations are built up. It is a responsibility of nation that each and every individual gets the justice. Many thinkers have tried to define justice; so here I am putting a brief focus on what justice in reality means. These are different definitions widely accepted for the term justice-

Justice
  1. 1. Treating each and every person equally
  2. 2. Treating  people with equal features equally
  3. 3. Treating people according to their abilities and their needs.

Here I will now discuss each and every definition with some details.

  1. 1. Treating each and every person equally-

This definition simply means that there should be no distinction between two persons on any basis. Each and every person should be treated with equal dignity. To say honestly, this justice itself will be the greatest injustice. People are born with different qualities and if we all put them in equal box, this is really an injustice to those people who stand above. This will create a chaos- that if everybody is being treated equally, why should I strive for excellence? Also when the situation comes where we have to choose 3 people out of 5, we will have to do injustice to 2 people. This whole society or rather this existence cannot grant this type of justice because this will stop the whole cycle of existence.

  1. 2. Treating people with equal features equally

This definition also, though it seems much wiser one, is very cunning. This definition simply gives the ruler too much of freedom. If we accept this definition of justice, then it also asks us to define what ‘features’ are. Feature on which justice should be imparted can be anything like wealth, respect, color, intelligence. Now who is going to decide what feature we should accept as a basis? If we accept wealth as the basis, then it will be injustice. If I am born in a poor family; what can I do about it? Should it mean that I must not get equal treatment? Justice based on castes and colors have been imparted for ages and any one will accept that it is the most cunning system ever created. It is not in the hands of an individual to decide his features. Someone may be a born dumb but may be reach and another person may be intelligent but not reach. Now who will decide and on what basis he will decide that which feature should be preferred more? So, this definition also should be discarded.

  1. 3. Treating people according to their needs and their abilities-

This definition though it sounds to be most perfect and most justifying, will not work because of the human nature and the social parameters. We are talking about treating people according to their needs. Here I will like to put up a question –

What if a person needs that he should be treated more specially than others?

This is a point to be thought upon. This is basic human psychology that ‘I should be treated specially.’ Treating people on their abilities is also a very lame and very superficial approach. If we are going to do justice based on the abilities, then at first we must take care that each and every person gets equal chance to develop his abilities. A person’s family background, economical conditions, mental backup all things affect the abilities he develops. If these factors are not provided equally, how can justice be imparted based on abilities?

After considering all these factors, I conclude that humans cannot get justice whatever system of definition we build up. So while imparting justice, we must consider following factors while doing the justice-

  1. 1. No one should get less than what he deserves.
  2. 2. Anyone can get more than what he deserves if it is not taxing others.
  3. 3. To impart total justice is almost impossible so we must take care to doing less injustice.